BIOFERTILIZATION FOR SEED TREATMENT WITH SYMBIOTIC NITROGEN FIXING BACTERIA
NITROGEN FIXATION is process of converting atmospheric nitrogen (N2) in the form of NH4 which is biologically active and can be used by all organisms in the Earth. Nitrogen forms about 78% of Earth's atmosphere and is useful for all living world thanks to nitrogen fixing bacteria, microorganisms who are able to use atmospheric nitrogen and to convert it into ammonia.
SYMBIOTIC NITROGEN FIXING BACTERIA makeing nodules at the roots of leguminose plants (soy bean, peas, bean, alfalfa, clover etc.) where process of nitrogen fixation is takeing place. These bacteria are strictly specific for certain plant species, one bacterial species creates nodules at appropriate plant. Bacteria and plant make symbiosis , type of community in which bacteria are supplying plant with nitrogen while plant supplays bacteria with nutritive materia made during photosynthesis.
Applying biofertilizers with appropriate symbiotic nitrogen fixing bacteria,i.e. inoculating seed of leguminous plants increase forming nodules at the root. Simbiotic nitrogen fixing bacteria enter into parenchym of the root starting to multilply rapidly which will cause forming the nodule where fixation of the nitrogen will take place.
Except symbiotic these products contain and associative nitrogen fixing and phosphate solubilizing bacteria, who will after applying biofertilizer inhabit root surface.